Census Metropolitan Unemployment Rates Across Ontario

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The Unemployment Rate Comparison graph provides a visual display of the monthly unemployment rates for various Census Metropolitan Areas (CMA) across Ontario.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force. Estimates are percentages, rounded to the nearest tenth.

The Oshawa CMA is comprised of Oshawa, Whitby and Clarington. The Oshawa CMA is used as a data proxy in Durham Region as Pickering, Ajax and Uxbridge are part of the Toronto CMA and Brock and Scugog are not surveyed in the monthly report due to population size. The Oshawa CMA includes the most Durham Region residents and provides the best depiction of the labour market in the Region as a whole.

The Unemployment Rate Comparison graph reflects many of the job losses and recoveries experienced across various areas in the Greater Golden Horseshoe, largely due to the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.  While all areas saw a spike in unemployment around March, we saw a gradual decline throughout the summer and into the autumn months as various businesses began to re-open after the first wave of the virus.  With the release of January’s data, we are now seeing some of the effects of the second wave, with some CMAs showing further spikes in unemployment. While Windsor’s CMA had a major spike in unemployment through the spring of 2020, the rate remains in-line with other CMAs, and has dropped since December, now at 9.8%.  Barrie is now seeing a significant increase, coming in at 14.2%.

In Ontario, the highest unemployment rate for January was 14.2% in the Barrie CMA.  The lowest unemployment rate on the chart is Hamilton CMA at 6.3% followed closely by London CMA at 7.3%, remaining almost the same from last month.   Looking forward to the next few months, the data should continue to reflect more effects of the pandemic’s second wave and the effects of the public health restrictions on industry in Ontario.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table  14-10-0378-01, Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, unadjusted for seasonality (January 2021).